What is Active Directory?

Active Directory is a directory service created by Microsoft (MSFT) that provides three services:
* LDAP-like Directory services
* Kerberos based authentication
* DNS based naming and other network information
It is an essential part of the Windows Server Family (including 2000, and 2003).
AD is used to store information about Windows-based Networks and Domains. It allows management of users, security, and other resources on a centralized location over the network.
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How do we install Active Directory on a Windows server? It comes with your Windows Server installation disk. It's relatively easy to install the service. Just follow the installation wizard specifying your network's requirements (Start->Run->dcpromo.exe). After installing the Active Directory Domain Service, the server computer becomes a domain controller. A detailed or step-by-step instructions on how to install Active Directory service on a Windows 2008 server can be found at: Install Active Directory Domain Services on the Windows Server 2008-Based Member Server.


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